Director's Unit

In komplexen Prozessen sozialräumlichen Wandels kommt es stark auf das Wirken von Einzelnen an – so zumindest die Überzeugung erfahrener Praktiker. Am IRS werden diese Einzelpersonen als Schlüsselfiguren bezeichnet und konzeptualisiert. Doch für die raumbezogenen Sozialwissenschaften benennt die Erkenntnis der herausgehobenen Bedeutung von Schlüsselfiguren eher ein Verständnisproblem als dass es eine Erklärung liefert. Wie können Schlüsselfiguren in die sozialwissenschaftliche Analyse integriert werden? Dieser übergeordneten Frage geht das abteilungsübergreifende Brückenprojekt „Komparative Studien zu Schlüsselfiguren in der Raumentwicklung“ nach. more

Results from empirical spatial research demonstrate that specific actors often play a central role in advancing processes and initiatives of socio-spatial transformation. Approaches, in which the capabilities of political leaders as well as of leading executives in organisations and businesses are conceptualised, have inspired the team to develop a unique approach to characterise key individuals. The approach differentiates between four dimensions. more

Dynamics of Economic Spaces

The ESRa project examines factors that characterize regions with a predominantly positive attitude towards energy system transformation from regions with a negative attitude. The project aims at explaining how these factors can be influenced with regard to the realization of a successful energy transition. The project relates this question to the phenomenon of increasing regional disparities and the drifting apart of regions concerning those that draw advantage from globalization processes and those that do not. The success of an energy system transformation will depend considerably on helping less favorably equipped regions to develop and use such resources and skills.<br/> more

In komplexen Prozessen sozialräumlichen Wandels kommt es stark auf das Wirken von Einzelnen an – so zumindest die Überzeugung erfahrener Praktiker. Am IRS werden diese Einzelpersonen als Schlüsselfiguren bezeichnet und konzeptualisiert. Doch für die raumbezogenen Sozialwissenschaften benennt die Erkenntnis der herausgehobenen Bedeutung von Schlüsselfiguren eher ein Verständnisproblem als dass es eine Erklärung liefert. Wie können Schlüsselfiguren in die sozialwissenschaftliche Analyse integriert werden? Dieser übergeordneten Frage geht das abteilungsübergreifende Brückenprojekt „Komparative Studien zu Schlüsselfiguren in der Raumentwicklung“ nach. more

Results from empirical spatial research demonstrate that specific actors often play a central role in advancing processes and initiatives of socio-spatial transformation. Approaches, in which the capabilities of political leaders as well as of leading executives in organisations and businesses are conceptualised, have inspired the team to develop a unique approach to characterise key individuals. The approach differentiates between four dimensions. more

Institutional Change and Regional Public Goods

The ESRa project examines factors that characterize regions with a predominantly positive attitude towards energy system transformation from regions with a negative attitude. The project aims at explaining how these factors can be influenced with regard to the realization of a successful energy transition. The project relates this question to the phenomenon of increasing regional disparities and the drifting apart of regions concerning those that draw advantage from globalization processes and those that do not. The success of an energy system transformation will depend considerably on helping less favorably equipped regions to develop and use such resources and skills.<br/> more

The lead project aims to understand the political construction and governance of critical infrastructures in relation to their spatiality. Infrastructures are increasingly viewed in terms of their vulnerability to disruption and the resulting security risks. Political resources are devoted to adequately securing "critical infrastructures" such as water supply and energy networks. <br/>But which infrastructures are considered critical and why? The perception and governance of infrastructures are particularly relevant for cities due to their high concentration of people, infrastructure, economic and cultural assets. Accordingly, urban climate adaptation, which seeks to prepare for disruptions such as extreme weather events, and the digitalisation of urban infrastructures, as a potential improvement tool but also as a possible new source of uncertainty for infrastructure networks, serve as fields of investigation.<br/> more

Cities create approximately 70% of all greenhouse gas emissions while at the same time being substantially impacted by climate change. Especially extreme weather occurrences like torrential rain fall, flooding, and heat waves often result in costly property damage, which in result – caused by inept behaviour in dangerous situations and insufficient preparation – often have an adverse effect on citizens’ health. The BMBF research project “Urban Resilience Towards Extreme Weather Incidents – Typology and Transfer of Adaptation Strategies in Small Metropolises and Medium Sized Cities” aims to measurably strengthen the resilience of cities and towns by working closely with administrations, branches of civil protection, and residents. more

The purpose of the ReNEW project within the Leibniz Research Alliance "Energy Transitions" (LVE) is to systematize, advance and disseminate knowledge on three core challenges that are currently confronting the Energiewende: centralized versus decentralized systems, public versus private interests, and global versus local effects. more

In komplexen Prozessen sozialräumlichen Wandels kommt es stark auf das Wirken von Einzelnen an – so zumindest die Überzeugung erfahrener Praktiker. Am IRS werden diese Einzelpersonen als Schlüsselfiguren bezeichnet und konzeptualisiert. Doch für die raumbezogenen Sozialwissenschaften benennt die Erkenntnis der herausgehobenen Bedeutung von Schlüsselfiguren eher ein Verständnisproblem als dass es eine Erklärung liefert. Wie können Schlüsselfiguren in die sozialwissenschaftliche Analyse integriert werden? Dieser übergeordneten Frage geht das abteilungsübergreifende Brückenprojekt „Komparative Studien zu Schlüsselfiguren in der Raumentwicklung“ nach. more

The German energy transition has brought about changes as regards spatial structures and the ways they are utilised and at the same time it poses a challenge for spatial policy. The lead project investigates new energy spaces as expressions and vehicles of the energy transition, using empirical analyses from Germany, Canada and Scandinavia. Some examples are the creation of new action areas around renewable energies, tensions between old and new energy regions, and experimentation spaces for energy policy in cities. more

The international project UrbanRain, financed by the Swedish Research Council Formas, was focused on the opportunities and challenges involved in the planning for the upscaling and expansion of rainwater harvesting systems in European urban areas. more

The IRS participated in the EU research consortium “Post-Carbon Cities of Tomorrow – foresight for sustainable pathways towards liveable, affordable and prospering cities in a world context (POCACITO)”. This project developed a roadmap for the transition to a sustainable, post-fossil fuel economic model for cities. This concept includes changes to energy systems, water supply, traffic, waste management, regional economic cycles, housing, environmental protection, political governance and education. more

Results from empirical spatial research demonstrate that specific actors often play a central role in advancing processes and initiatives of socio-spatial transformation. Approaches, in which the capabilities of political leaders as well as of leading executives in organisations and businesses are conceptualised, have inspired the team to develop a unique approach to characterise key individuals. The approach differentiates between four dimensions. more

The energy transition to post-fossil and post-nuclear regional development places tremendous demands on existing institutional arrangements and forms of governance related to energy, cultural landscapes and regional policy-making. Focusing on energy supply as a field of action, the main objective of the Lead Project of Research Department 2 was to identify the importance of materiality and power for theoretical research on regional public goods. more

The project developed analytical and methodological tools to analyse the institutional and political settings of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in developing and transition countries and EU member states. more

Within the scope of this interdisciplinary BMBF research network, the IRS conducted two sub-projects focused on social sciences and history. The social-scientific subproject was focused on the Berlin-Brandenburg region and analyses current sets of interests and problem perceptions with respect to “light pollution”. The historical study explored the background to the attractiveness and spread of artificial light in the Berlin-Brandenburg region. more

Dynamics of Communication, Knowledge and Spatial Development

In komplexen Prozessen sozialräumlichen Wandels kommt es stark auf das Wirken von Einzelnen an – so zumindest die Überzeugung erfahrener Praktiker. Am IRS werden diese Einzelpersonen als Schlüsselfiguren bezeichnet und konzeptualisiert. Doch für die raumbezogenen Sozialwissenschaften benennt die Erkenntnis der herausgehobenen Bedeutung von Schlüsselfiguren eher ein Verständnisproblem als dass es eine Erklärung liefert. Wie können Schlüsselfiguren in die sozialwissenschaftliche Analyse integriert werden? Dieser übergeordneten Frage geht das abteilungsübergreifende Brückenprojekt „Komparative Studien zu Schlüsselfiguren in der Raumentwicklung“ nach. more

Results from empirical spatial research demonstrate that specific actors often play a central role in advancing processes and initiatives of socio-spatial transformation. Approaches, in which the capabilities of political leaders as well as of leading executives in organisations and businesses are conceptualised, have inspired the team to develop a unique approach to characterise key individuals. The approach differentiates between four dimensions. more

Regeneration of Cities and Towns

This project, secured in cooperation with the University of Łódź, thematises various paths in the development of a number of neighbourhoods in both cities following the change of system over 25 years ago. The scientists strive to provide both new findings about the interplay of institutional contexts and socio-spatial differentiation processes, as well as about post-socialist urban development in Middle and Eastern Europe. more

The research aims at studying recent challenges in the development of large housing estates in postsocialist cities. It is based on a comparative approach and includes six case studies in Estonia, Germany, and Russia. Resarch on the neighbourhoods Halle-Neustadt and Berlin-Marzahn will be conducted by the IRS. Thereby, the project focuses on actors, their interests and resources and observes the consequences of their constellations for the development of housing estates. more

In komplexen Prozessen sozialräumlichen Wandels kommt es stark auf das Wirken von Einzelnen an – so zumindest die Überzeugung erfahrener Praktiker. Am IRS werden diese Einzelpersonen als Schlüsselfiguren bezeichnet und konzeptualisiert. Doch für die raumbezogenen Sozialwissenschaften benennt die Erkenntnis der herausgehobenen Bedeutung von Schlüsselfiguren eher ein Verständnisproblem als dass es eine Erklärung liefert. Wie können Schlüsselfiguren in die sozialwissenschaftliche Analyse integriert werden? Dieser übergeordneten Frage geht das abteilungsübergreifende Brückenprojekt „Komparative Studien zu Schlüsselfiguren in der Raumentwicklung“ nach. more

Since the 1990s, European cities have found themselves confronted with structural changes in the economy and increasing socio-spatial disparities, forcing them to reinvent themselves. An overarching theme common to many cities is a shared interest of city governments in encouraging in-migration. However, in many cases, these efforts are accompanied by a discrepancy between the desired immigration of highly-skilled, socially better-off and creative classes, and the partially unplanned influx of migrant workers, temporary residents and refugees. This project examines whether and to what extent this discrepancy feeds back into urban development processes more

Results from empirical spatial research demonstrate that specific actors often play a central role in advancing processes and initiatives of socio-spatial transformation. Approaches, in which the capabilities of political leaders as well as of leading executives in organisations and businesses are conceptualised, have inspired the team to develop a unique approach to characterise key individuals. The approach differentiates between four dimensions. more

Department for Historical Research

For a long time, it has been commonly assumed that social disparities within and between towns and cities were less pronounced in the socialist system of the GDR compared to the market economy in the West-German Republic. However, newer findings show that there were analogies and parallel developments in both systems which, starting in the 1960s, led to growing socio-spatial disparities in West Germany as well as the GDR. In terms of planning policy responses, too, there are indications of analogous developments. This lead project seeks to develop an integrated analysis framework for the historical study of socio-spatial disparities across system boundaries for the first time, and to apply it empirically. more

The thesis addresses the changes of East- and West-German planning cultures between 1959 and 1989 along analysing public communication of cases in urban planning. By focussing on historic cases of planning projects on a micro/local level in East and West Berlin, the arenas of public planning communication will be reconstructed. more

In komplexen Prozessen sozialräumlichen Wandels kommt es stark auf das Wirken von Einzelnen an – so zumindest die Überzeugung erfahrener Praktiker. Am IRS werden diese Einzelpersonen als Schlüsselfiguren bezeichnet und konzeptualisiert. Doch für die raumbezogenen Sozialwissenschaften benennt die Erkenntnis der herausgehobenen Bedeutung von Schlüsselfiguren eher ein Verständnisproblem als dass es eine Erklärung liefert. Wie können Schlüsselfiguren in die sozialwissenschaftliche Analyse integriert werden? Dieser übergeordneten Frage geht das abteilungsübergreifende Brückenprojekt „Komparative Studien zu Schlüsselfiguren in der Raumentwicklung“ nach. more

The design of open spaces in the German Democratic Republic can be described as a history of steady decline – from rather ambitious planning projects in the 1950s to a dearth of ideas and increasing state micro-management. The Lead Project focused on the key areas of urbanisation strategies, planning personalities and networks and the intricate interplay between authority and the public sphere. more