The development of resilient spaces as a reaction to crises is by no means a local phenomenon. Resilience strategies are rather embedded in processes and regulations that are effective on the regional, national, supra-national or even global level. On the one hand it becomes clear that measures taken on a supra-national level (e.g. by the European Commission) have to be “localised” on site to be put into effect. On the other hand it can be observed that new forms of resilient action that have been developed locally, may diffuse upwards and become a model on national or supra-national level. Above all, crises are phenomena that exceed the regional scale in most cases and often are of global significance. Hence, extensive resilience strategies in multi-level governance arrangements are a necessity. Some research at IRS therefore focuses on dynamics of crises and resilience in the context of multi-level systems.
Photo: © Andrewglaser/commenswikimedia.org