Lead project

Open Space Design in East-West German Comparison: Urbanisation Strategies Between Authority and the Public Realm

Research Department: Department for Historical Research

IRS Research Topic: Shared Knowledge - Locally and Over Distance New Social Practices Spatial Path Development and Institutional Change

Project Leader within IRS: Prof. Dr. Christoph Bernhardt

Project Team: Dr. Harald Engler Dr. Ute Hasenöhrl Dr. Sylvia Necker Elke Beyer Dr. Andreas Butter

Duration: 01/2012 - 12/2014

freiraumgestaltung
freiraumgestaltung

Due to their multifunctional character, open spaces are of particular importance to the field of urban and regional development. They help to safeguard both urban quality of life and environmental quality; they serve as places for state representation and control and help enable societal communication. After World War II, planning and design of open spaces took very different directions in the two German states. In the Federal Republic of Germany, it became important only after a period of relative insignificance, whereby open spaces were gradually developed into adventure parks and zones of recreation. During this process, open spaces occasionally became seismographs for conflicts over the control and design of public spaces, urban quality of life, and environmental quality in urban areas. By contrast, the design of open spaces in the German Democratic Republic can be described as a history of steady decline – from rather ambitious planning projects in the 1950s to a dearth of ideas and increasing state micro-management. The Lead Project focused on the key areas of urbanisation strategies, planning personalities and networks and the intricate interplay between authority and the public sphere. The aim was to conduct three comparative case studies on the planning and development of open spaces in the two former German states.

Publications

Engler, H. (2014). Wilfried Stallknecht und das industrielle Bauen: Ein Architektenleben in der DDR. Berlin: Lukas.
Bernhardt, C. (Ed.) (2016). Städtische öffentliche Räume / Urban Public Spaces: Planungen, Aneignungen, Aufstände 1945–2015 / Planning, Appropriation, Rebellions 1945–2015. (Beiträge zur Stadtgeschichte und Urbanisierungsforschung; Vol. 19). Stuttgart: Steiner.
Bernhardt, C. (2012). Urbanisierung im 20. Jahrhundert: Perspektiven und Positionen. Informationen zur modernen Stadtgeschichte, (2), 5-11.
Hasenöhrl, U. (2013). Konflikte um regenerative Energien und Energielandschaften aus umwelthistorischer Perspektive. In M. Leibenath, & L. Gailing (Eds.), Neue Energielandschaften - Neue Perspektiven der Landschaftsforschung. (pp. 79-99). (RaumFragen - Stadt, Region, Landschaft). Wiesbaden: Springer VS.
Engler, H. (2014). Meister und Schüler der städtebaulichen "Glücksverheißungen": Die Architekten von Halle-Neustadt auf ihrem städtebaulichen Exerzierfeld. In P. Pasternack (Ed.), 50 Jahre Streitfall Halle Neustadt: Idee und Experiment. Lebensort und Provokation (pp. 111-114). Halle (Saale): Mitteldeutscher Verlag.
Bernhardt, C. (Ed.) (2012). Urbanisierung im 20. Jahrhundert, Themenschwerpunkt. (Informationen zur modernen Stadtgeschichte; No. 2). Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Urbanistik.
Drewes, K. (2014). Werkstattgespräch zur DDR-Planungsgeschichte am 16. und 17. Januar 2014 in der Historischen Forschungsstelle des Leibniz-Instituts für Regionalentwicklung und Strukturplanung (IRS) in Erkner (Tagungsbericht). Informationen zur modernen Stadtgeschichte, (1), 156-160.
Bernhardt, C., & Engler, H. (2014). Eisenach - sozialistische Autostadt mit gebremster Entwicklung. In M. Heßler, & G. Riederer (Eds.), Autostädte im 20. Jahrhundert: Wachstums- und Schrumpfungsprozesse in globaler Perspektive (pp. 109-126). (Beiträge zur Stadtgeschichte und Urbanisierungsforschung; No. 16). Stuttgart: Steiner.
Bernhardt, C. (2013). The Contested Industrial City: Governing Pollution in France and Germany, 1810-1930. In C. Zimmermann (Ed.), Industrial Cities: History and Future (pp. 46-65). Frankfurt am Main: Campus.
Bernhardt, C. (2012). Zur Spezifik und historischen Verortung sozialistischer Industriestädte. Informationen zur modernen Stadtgeschichte, (1), 45-54.