In the last two decades there has been a sharp growth in the numbers of people that have been "expelled", numbers far larger than the newly "incorporated" middle classes of countries such as India and China. I use the term "expulsion" to describe a diversity of conditions: the growing numbers of the abjectly poor, of the displaced in poor countries who are warehoused in formal and informal refugee camps, of the minoritized and persecuted in rich countries who are warehoused in prisons, of workers whose bodies are destroyed on the job and rendered useless at far too young an age, able-bodied surplus populations warehoused in ghettoes and slums.
Another such major trend is the repositioning of what had been framed as sovereign territory, a complex condition, into land for sale on the global market - land in Sub-Saharan Africa, in Central Asia and in Latin America to be bought by rich investors and rich governments to grow food, to access underground water tables, and to access minerals and metals.
My argument is that these diverse and many other kindred developments amount to a logic of expulsion, signaling a deeper systemic transformation in advanced capitalism, one documented in bits and pieces but not quite narrated as an overarching dynamic that is taking us into a new phase of global capitalism.
The lecture is based on the author's book Expulsions: Brutality and Complexity in the Global Economy Cambridge,
Mass: Harvard University Press/Belknap. German translation with S. Fischer 2015.